The National Senior Certificate (NSC) examination takes place at the end of grade 12 and is necessary for tertiary studies at a South African university.[213]. If anything, the "Rainbow Nation" is … Statistics from the South African Department of Environmental Affairs show a record 1,215 rhinos have been killed in 2014. [138] The incidence of child and infant rape is among the highest in the world, largely as a result of the virgin cleansing myth, and a number of high-profile cases (sometimes as young as eight months)[138] have outraged the nation. The plays of Athol Fugard have been regularly premiered in fringe theatres in South Africa, London (Royal Court Theatre) and New York. [99], Climate change has highly impacted South Africa, primarily due to increased temperatures and rainfall variability. The struggle to control these important economic resources was a factor in relations between Europeans and the indigenous population and also between the Boers and the British.[51]. Readers Digest Association, Cape Town. In 1939, the party split over the entry of the Union into World War II as an ally of the United Kingdom, a move which the National Party followers strongly opposed. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. While all the languages are formally equal, some languages are spoken more than others. [165], The South African agricultural industry contributes around 10% of formal employment, relatively low compared to other parts of Africa, as well as providing work for casual labourers and contributing around 2.6% of GDP for the nation. The different types of savings bonds offered by the South African government are shown in the table below. [167], In August 2013, South Africa was ranked as the top African Country of the Future by fDi magazine based on the country's economic potential, labour environment, cost-effectiveness, infrastructure, business friendliness, and foreign direct investment strategy.[168]. [185], The eastern parts of South Africa suffer from periodic droughts linked to the El Niño weather phenomenon. The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Atlas of Southern Africa. [216], According to the South African Institute of Race Relations, the life expectancy in 2009 was 71 years for a white South African and 48 years for a black South African. Chokers and South Africa have been synonymous since the inception of RSA as a cricket playing nation. The sites include Sterkfontein, one of the richest sites for hominin fossils in the world. [48] Shaka's warfare indirectly led to the Mfecane ("crushing"), in which 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 people were killed and the inland plateau was devastated and depopulated in the early 1820s. Since South African Team belongs to Republic of South Africa, it is named that way. There is great diversity in South African music. [28][29][30] Archaeologists have recovered extensive fossil remains from a series of caves in Gauteng Province. It is famous for the most extensive areas of indigenous forests in South Africa (a generally forest-poor country). South Africa has many major ports including Cape Town, Durban, and Port Elizabeth that allow ships and other boats to pass through, some carrying passengers and some carrying petroleum tankers. [74] This is in large part attributable to the South African HIV/AIDS pandemic which saw South African life expectancy fall from a high point of 62.25 years in 1992 to a low of 52.57 in 2005,[75] and the failure of the government to take steps to address the pandemic in its early years. In 1934, the South African Party and National Party merged to form the United Party, seeking reconciliation between Afrikaners and English-speaking whites. The reason for RSA being known as chokers is that they fail every time in a big ICC event. There are an estimated 200,000 indigenous traditional healers in South Africa, and up to 60% of South Africans consult these healers,[207] generally called sangomas or inyangas. [108] In 2006, the number of fungi in South Africa was estimated at about 200,000 species, but did not take into account fungi associated with insects. [45] Vrijburgers who became independent farmers on the frontier were known as Boers, with some adopting semi-nomadic lifestyles being denoted as trekboers. [38] Representatives of the British East India Company did call sporadically at the Cape in search of provisions as early as 1601, but later came to favour Ascension Island and St. Helena as alternative ports of refuge. The largest city is Johannesburg. Black musicians have developed a unique style called Kwaito, that is said to have taken over radio, television, and magazines. [199] It is the second most commonly spoken language outside of the household, after Zulu.[200]. (1984). South African literature emerged from a unique social and political history. South Africa is often referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity, especially in the wake of apartheid.[17]. A proposal from the Arts and Culture Minister, Nathi Mthethwa for South Africa's name to be exchanged with a new name - Azania has become a controversial issue with many South … The climatic zones range from the extreme desert of the southern Namib in the farthest northwest to the lush subtropical climate in the east along the border with Mozambique and the Indian Ocean. South African popular musicians that have found international success include Johnny Clegg, rap-rave duo Die Antwoord, and rock band Seether. [192][193], Statistics South Africa asks people to describe themselves in the census in terms of five racial population groups. Who published the novel Cry, the eastern parts of Africa 's national cricket. 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