Click To Tweet. Archaeological Anthropology traces the origin, growth and development of culture in the past. Ecological anthropology focuses upon the complex relations between people and their environment. Rituals are stylized and usually repetitive acts that take place at a set time and location. Each of anthropology’s four main subfields—sociocultural, biological, archaeology, linguistic anthropology—acknowledges that Homo has a long evolutionary history that must be studied if one is to know what it means to be a human being. 9 "Language and Communication" - 17 cards *ANTHROPOLOGY_World Cultures - 118 cards Historians often declare that anthropology as a discipline that originated during the Renaissance. Anthropology is a global discipline involving humanities, social sciences and natural sciences. Fields of Anthropology. Applied anthropology is the use of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary social problems. The website aims to encourage a wider appreciation and understanding of anthropology by functioning as a hub for communication, gathering information, and accessing events, activities and resources for people interested in learning more about the subject. 8 "The Characteristics of Culture" - 15 cards Anthropology Vocab - Ch. Practice Quiz for Overview of Anthropology: No. As a field, anthropology brings an explicit, evolutionary approach to the study of human behavior. Anthropology is the scientific study of societies past and present, human actions, and humans. They almost always involve the use of symbolic objects, words, and actions. The performance of rituals is an integral part of all religions. Archaeological Anthropology. Human populations have ongoing contact with and impact upon the land, climate, plant, and animal species in their vicinities, and these elements of their environment have reciprocal impacts on humans (Salzman and Attwood 1996:169). By past is meant the period before history when man had not acquired efficiencies of written language in order to record the story of his life. 6. For example, going to church on Sunday is a common religious ritual for Christians around the world. It is … It is believed to have developed from other disciplines, There are now four major fields of anthropology: biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and archaeology. 5. From a holistic perspective, attempts to divide reality into mind and matter isolate and pin down certain aspects of a process that, by very nature, resists isolation and dissection. The Discover Anthropology website is operated by the Royal Anthropological Institute’s Education Outreach Programme. Start studying Anthropology: Chapter 1 Study Guide. Each focuses on a different set of research interests and generally uses different research techniques. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 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