Noted as a remedy for many ailments, including: insomnia, depression, bladder problems, and pulmonary complaints. The supplement design isn’t the cleanest; purists would likely prefer something without magnesium stearate and silicon dioxide, but as far as the active ingredients go, it’s still pretty good. Creeping Saint-John’s-wort bears pale yellow flowers with orange stamens on 30-cm- (1-foot-) tall plants, while goldencup Saint-John’s-wort has slightly smaller deep yellow flowers with darker stamens. Is St John’s Wort addictive? Is St John’s Wort safe for children? Just recently they have begun to test its effectiveness for the treatment of alcoholism. When does St John’s Wort start working? Dwarf St. John's Wort Hypericum mutilum St. John's Wort family (Hypericaceae) Description: This wildflower is either a short-lived perennial or summer annual. In general, we wanted pure St. John’s Wort supplements with nothing added. St. John’s wort should. SSRIs are known for a range of burdensome side effects, such as weight gain, nausea, dizziness, and deteriorations in sexual function (these can be so bad for men that many turn to, In contrast, St. John’s wort tends to have, for most people, a lower risk and lower severity of side effects. Genus name comes from the Greek words hyper meaning above and eikon meaning picture in reference to the practice of hanging flowers from this genus above images, pictures or windows. Can St John’s Wort cause diarrhea? The dosage is equivalent to approximately 460 mg of raw plant material per serving, though the actual hypericum content is not listed. With 300 mg of aerial plant extract per capsule, and 250 capsules per bottle, it’s an easy way to get a large supply of St. John’s wort for long-term use. For those taking a higher dosage of this supplement, it’s an easy way to get all of your dosage in using just one tablet, but it hurts your ability to follow the protocol of some clinical trials, which split the dosage up into two or three tablets taken at different times of day. Remove 50% to 75% of the top of the shrub maintaining a mounded form. In extremely rare cases, it has been associated with photosensitivity—the development of hypersensitive skin that burns or blisters in response to sunlight. Interesting Saint John’s wort varieties Hypericum andosaemum – This is the ideal specimen to set up low-lying evergreen hedges. Interestingly, some research suggests the St John’s Wort may cause damage to the eye. We’ll look at the side effects profile of St. John’s wort in-depth later, but this simple reduction (over two-fold) of side effects is very encouraging. If your shrub has fewer and fewer flowers every year, you may want to start pruning St. John’s wort. Although product recommendations are only our opinions, this research-backed page has been fact-checked and reviewed by a certified nutritionalist or health specialist. Is St John’s Wort better than chemical antidepressants? The botanic for this creeping ground cover is … Speak to your doctor before taking St. John’s wort if you are on any type of medication. A meta-analysis of all of the clinical trials to date was conducted in 2008 by the Cochrane Collaboration, an international team of medical researchers which reviews clinical research and makes evidence-based recommendations (1). St. John's wort is an herb also known as Amber, Barbe de Saint-Jean, Chasse-diable, Demon Chaser, Fuga Daemonum, Goatweed, Hardhay, Herbe à la Brûlure, Herbe à Mille Trous, Herbe Aux Fées, Herbe Aux Mille Vertus, Herbe Aux Piqûres, Herbe de Saint Éloi, Herbe de la Saint-Jean, Herbe du Charpentier, Herbe Percée, Hierba de San Juan, Hypereikon, Hyperici Herba, Hypericum perforatum, … Appears as a prostrate ground cover the first year. Based on its long history as an herbal remedy, St. John’s wort has been examined intensively for its ability to improve the symptoms of depression. A meta-analysis of all of the clinical trials to date was conducted in 2008 by the Cochrane Collaboration, an international team of medical researchers which reviews clinical research and makes evidence-based recommendations (. These plants have been used for years for herbalism. Hypericum perforatum, known as perforate St John's-wort, common Saint John's wort and simply St John's wort, is a flowering plant in the family Hypericaceae. This variety never grows any taller than 32 inches (80 cm) and bears cute little yellow flowers. The flowers are mostly five-petalled and yellow. St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a flowering plant.The flowers are used to make liquid extracts, pills, and teas. These labels will give you directions on usage and dosage. While some supplements work well in liquid form, St. John’s wort is not one of them. If you live in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 or 6 to 10 and have a partially shaded site, you can probably grow St. Johns wort. Although there is some evidence, it may speed up your metabolism, which may help you lose weight. Children should also avoid it due to the lack of research. In contrast, St. John’s wort tends to have, for most people, a lower risk and lower severity of side effects. In turn, this can make the process of quitting that much easier. The plant is used in herbal medicine as a treatment for depression, and there is some limited clinical evidence of its efficacy. Hypericum Perforatum, better known as St John’s Wort, is a medicinal angiosperm plant that helps with treating depression and mental illness. Why is it called St John’s Wort? St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a flowering shrub native to Europe. The bright yellow flowers with a profusion of yellow stamens look like fireworks. Yes, St John’s Wort is generally considered safe, especially when used orally and in appropriate doses. Chronic fatigue is one condition that has been linked to both poor mental health and to overall inflammation, so it shouldn’t be surprising that St. John’s wort has been found to be beneficial for its treatment. Belonging to the family of Hypericaceae, this plant acquires the alternative name like Perforate St John’s Wort or St John’s Wort. At your local nursery you will most likely find a broad leaved variety of Hypericum labeled St. John's Wort. However, it is always good to consult an expert before using it regularly as they know best whether it is going to be suitable for your body or not. The exfoliating bark and attractive seed capsules add winter interest to the landscape. be used in combination with any other antidepressant, and it’s best to consult your doctor before using St. John’s wort, particularly if you take a prescription medication. Also, the herbal supplement St. John’s wort can alter the metabolism of drugs such as protease inhibitors, anticlotting drugs, and antidepressants, and it can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.…, Several herbs, especially St.-John’s-wort and yarrow, are potent against fairies, and hawthorn trees, foxglove, and groundsel are so dear to them that abuse of these plants may bring retribution.…. St. John’s wort compared favorably to placebos, with the pooled evidence showing significantly greater improvements in people on St. John’s wort supplements. St. John’s wort is an undemanding shrub that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. The fruits are nearly always dry capsules. Beyond its use in depression, it’s been explored as a treatment for chronic fatigue and it appears to exert some anti-inflammatory effects as well. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). St. John's wort is available as a supplement in teas, tablets, liquids and topical preparations.St. Does St John’s Wort impact birth control? There is some anecdotal evidence indicating that it has helped some individuals stay calm and reduce their anger levels. St. Paul's Wort – species of the genus Sigesbeckia, such as Eastern St Paul's-wort, Sigesbeckia orientalis. St. John’s wort is sold as a dietary supplement in the United States, where the standards for selling supplements are less strict than the standards for prescription or over-the-counter drugs. Though this is a solid dosage, this supplement is hurt by the presence of a lot of fillers and additives that you won’t find in other competitors. The active ingredient, hypericin, may cause damage to the eye when the eye comes under bright light. What is St John’s Wort? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Hypericum, Healthline - St. John’s Wort: The Benefits and the Dangers. St. John’s wort is a powerful herbal compound that’s been used to treat depression with the same efficacy and fewer side effects than traditional antidepressants. One study, for example, described a number of cases of serious side effects in patients who were taking St. John’s wort in addition to normal antidepressants (7). A side effect of St John’s Wort does include diarrhea and an upset stomach. While the benefits of St. John’s wort are impressive, it (like any treatment for depression) isn’t without the potential for side effects. However, one must take note that since it has numerous herb-drug interactions in the body, there are increased chances that St John’s Wort may alter the effect of other medications, potentially also impacting the liver and its function. However, these side effects are rare, and some of these side effects also occurred in placebo groups during clinical research. Start indoors 10-12 weeks before last frost, then plant out. Historically, St. John’s wort has been used for a variety of conditions, including kidney and lung ailments, insomnia, and depression, and to aid wound healing. Members of the genus have simple opposite or whorled leaves that are gland-dotted and are usually smooth-margined. This is why you’ll find, Purity was of the utmost importance for this type of supplement. However, more research is required in the specific area of anxiety. In addition to its well-documented antidepressant properties, St. John’s wort appears to fight against inflammation, which could make it useful for conditions like arthritis. Yet, it is important that this supplement is administered only after a medical consultation, as this will cut down the risk of the wrong dose or frequency. It also withstands drought but grows best with irrigation during prolonged dry spells. The plant spreads asexually by creeping rhizomes and readily reseeds itself with seeds that can persist for years in the soil seed bank. While St. John’s wort compares favorably to traditional medications used to treat depression on a number of fronts, it does have a number of potential side effects and interactions with other medications, so it’s best used under the supervision of a doctor. Remove the heaviest canes all the way to the ground. The more concerning part about St. John’s wort is its potential to interact with prescription medications, including SSRIs themselves. Thus its status as a weed in the opinion of many gardeners. However, a lot of women have found out that St John’s Wort can reduce the flashes and night sweats to an extent during menopause (2). Generally, the blooming period of Hypericum Perforatum blooms in the monsoon season amidst the St John Baptist’s birth anniversary. John's wort is often used to treat depression and menopausal symptoms. Each capsule provides 300 mg of extract, plus 200 mg of St. John’s wort powder. They looked at 29 different studies, which in total included over 5,000 people with depression. Herb Pharm provides St. John’s wort extract in a liquid form. The antiviral characteristics of St John’s Wort is believed to speed up the wound-healing mechanisms of your body. Hypericum St John’s Wort – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. One of the side effects of St John’s Wort is an upset stomach. Is St John’s Wort dangerous for pets? St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum), a plant that grows in the wild, has been used for centuries for mental health conditions.It’s widely prescribed for depression in Europe. This plant is native to Asia and Europe. This is why you’ll find products like, Next, we looked at the delivery method. The supplement design is very clean, with the only ingredient aside from St. John’s wort being the cellulose needed to make this vegan-friendly capsule. It is an aggressive weed that grows in the dry ground of roadsides, meadows, woods, and hedges. The name St. John’s wort apparently refers to John the Baptist, as the plant blooms around the time of the feast of St. John the Baptist in late June. The study enrolled twenty patients with chronic fatigue symptoms and tracked their symptoms over the course of six weeks. It is usually a short bushy plant about 4–18" tall, although larger specimens have been reported. Can St John’s Wort upset your stomach? However, fresh flowers are also edible. St.-Andrew’s-cross (H. hypericoides) is cultivated as an ornamental shrub for its yellow flowers. It generally reaches a height of 0.3 to 0.61 m, except on the Pacific coast where it has attained heights of 1.5 m.Awang 1991 The plant has oval-shaped leaves and yields golden-yellow flowers that bloom from June to September. St John’s Wort may help a person get a good night’s rest, particularly those with depression. According to the authors, St. John’s wort has been associated with side effects including gastrointestinal symptoms, dizziness, confusion, and tiredness. A lot of times, side effects occur simply because it clashes with other drugs, chemicals, or medicine. It may also be beneficial to look through the label’s ingredient list, as this will give you information regarding any other additions besides the herb itself. Proprietary blends and anti-anxiety blends were axed for this reason. Owing to the perforated shape of its leaves, it has a prefix of perforate being attached to it. Talking about the chemical composition of St John’s Wort, it consists of active elements that react with mood affecting chemicals in your brain. You can either consume this herbal medicine in a liquid form, or you can take it in pill form. A study published in the journal Phytomedicine by a team of researchers at the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom described using the active ingredient in St. John’s wort for this purpose (, A study published in the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology examined the side effect profile of St. John’s wort in detail (. St. John’s wort also has the potential to interact with prescription medication in undesired ways. It may also affect serotonin levels in the brain in these patients, making it all that more important to avoid it around surgery. One study, for example, described a number of cases of serious side effects in patients who were taking St. John’s wort, St. John’s wort also interacts with other medications, including birth control pills—when taken together, St. John’s wort can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives (. Some studies have split the dosage into two or three separate capsules taken at different times of day, while others have not—there’s no clear advantage to one strategy or the other on this front. One of the most well-known species is the common, or perforated, Saint-John’s-wort (H. perforatum), which is native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. These are delightful plants to have in your garden, bright and colorful and easy-care. What are the precautions that need to be taken while purchasing St John’s Wort? Ornamental St. John's Wort Perennials. The super-clean and simple supplement design makes this an excellent choice for anyone who’s conscientious about extra additives and fillers in their supplements, and combined with its solid dosage, makes it our number one pick. Is St John’s Wort good for skin? ). St. John's wort is a perennial plant native to Europe but found throughout the United States and parts of Canada. Corrections? St. John’s wort also has the potential to interact with prescription medication in undesired ways. St. Peter's Wort - Any plant of the genus Ascyrum, such as Hypericum quadrangulum. For Bodynutrition’s #1 recommended St. John’s Wort supplement, click here. While it does have the potential for side effects and for interactions with other medications, it also has a robust base of research supporting its use as a treatment for depression. Typically, most individuals notice changes after about 4- 6 weeks. According to a study published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the active ingredient in St. John’s wort inhibits specific biochemical pathways related to inflammation (, Depression itself has been linked to inflammation, so this might explain the connection: a study published in 2009 in the journal Brain, Behavior, and Immunity demonstrated that depression is often associated with increased levels of biomarkers of whole-body inflammation (. It’s been studied as an alternative to more traditional antidepressants, and some scientific work even supports it for other conditions like chronic fatigue. It’s a strong choice if you want a quality St. John’s wort supplement. For the flower known in Devon as St John's wort, see Chelidonium majus. This comes alongside a very pure and vegan-friendly capsule, with zero additional ingredients aside from cellulose to make up the capsule. Looking for the top St. John’s wort supplements on the market? The St. John's Wort perennial, also known as Aaron's Beard or by it's botanical name, Hypericum calycinum is a easy to care for plant that is great for any groundcover planting bed or an accent for any landscape project. One of the most well-known species is the common, or perforated, Saint-John’s-wort (H. perforatum), which is native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. Since St. John’s wort can interact with a variety of supplements, it needs to be as pure as possible. Consider that St. John’s Wort is a stimulant. The same review by the Cochrane Collaboration concluded that St. John’s wort has fewer side effects compared to a traditional antidepressant. It’s been the subject of a huge number of clinical trials, so its dosage ranges and side effect profiles are quite well-understood. St. John’s Wort is a perennial and often listed as an herb for its history as a medicinal plant. Will St John’s Wort help me lose weight? As such, we preferred products like Now, and Pure Mountain Botancials that included no fillers, artificial ingredients or coloring agents. Even though St John’s Wort is a natural herb, this does not change the fact that when taken at high dosages, there may be side effects. People have been using this medicinal herb in different forms for treating their wounds and burnt skin for many years. St. John's Wort is a perfect example of why common names need to be verified with a botanic name. If you don’t notice any improvements, it may be best to adjust the dosage or consult with a medical professional regarding the herb. Purity was of the utmost importance for this type of supplement. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. There are two forms of delivery for St. John’s Wort: liquid drops and capsules. Stonewort - A general name for plants of the genus Chara and Nitella; water horsetail. St. John's wort is most often taken in liquid or capsules. Because both St. John’s wort and a traditional SSRI act to increase serotonin levels in the brain, taking both together can cause serotonin levels to skyrocket to dangerous levels. SSRIs are known for a range of burdensome side effects, such as weight gain, nausea, dizziness, and deteriorations in sexual function (these can be so bad for men that many turn to male enhancement pills to address them). The study reported that side effects occurred in 53% of patients on standard antidepressants, but only 20% of people taking St. John’s wort. The word \"wort\" means \"plant\" in Old English. The super-clean and simple supplement design makes this an excellent choice for anyone who’s conscientious about extra additives and fillers in their supplements, and combined with its solid dosage, makes it our number one pick. Is St. John’s wort proven to be effective? This has not yet led to clinical studies on treating inflammatory conditions like arthritis, but it indicates that such studies might be feasible. St. John’s wort is an herbaceous perennial growing in many areas around the world and has a long history of herbal use. A study published in the European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology examined the side effect profile of St. John’s wort in detail (6). Thus, when taken in the correct dosage, it may help control extreme mood swings that may be experienced during PMS. Yes, herbalists believe this supplement to be extremely anti-inflammatory in nature. In this way, St John’s Wort is thought to be a viable treatment for depression. It’s been the subject of a huge number of clinical trials, so its dosage ranges and side effect profiles are quite well-understood. Hypericum citrinum – As its name shows, its … Nature’s Way St. John’s Wort has a strong dosage of 700 mg of St. John’s wort per capsule. There has also been some research showing it can improve wound healing, making it ideal for those with recent injuries. It grows well in sand, clay, rocky soil or loam, and tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline pH. St. John’s wort is an herbal extract that has a large body of research supporting its use for treating depression. Health Harmony St. John’s Wort provides a solid dosage of St. John’s Wort. Creeping Saint-John’s-wort (H. calycinum), sometimes known as rose of Sharon or Aaron’s-beard, and goldencup Saint-John’s-wort (H. patulum) are both shrubby East Asian species. However, it is always recommended to consult with your vet before giving your cat or dog any new substance. Plant St. John's Wort seeds in a sunny spot in sandy soil. St. John’s wort has a long history of use as an herbal treatment to improve mood and treat depression. There are many varieties of this plant with several common names such as Tipton’s Weed. The common name stems from the fact that various European species flower around June 24, which is the feast day of St. John the Baptist; “wort” derives from an Old English word for herb or plant. St. John’s wort is a powerful herbal compound that’s been used to treat depression with the same efficacy and fewer side effects than traditional antidepressants. St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a flowering plant named because the bright yellow flowers were said to bloom for the first time around St. John the Baptist's birthday. While it does have the potential for side effects and for interactions with other medications, it also has a robust base of research supporting its use as a treatment for depression. We also looked for supplements with at least 0.9mg of hypericum per serving. The presence of tannic acid in St John’s Wort may prevent the absorption of iron that is a crucial mineral for both pregnant ladies and their babies. St John’s Wort is considered safe for consumption by pets, including cats and dogs. However, across the globe, the status of this herbal medicine may vary. Therefore, it is not recommended for a pregnant woman to consume this herb in any form. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. What happens in your body when consuming St John’s Wort? There are over 300 species of St. John’s wort, but some are more medicinal than others. It is native to eastern USA and west to Texas and occurs on acidic soils in moist and wet conditions, including streams, ponds, lake banks, seepage slopes, and wet meadows. The dried herb may also be used as a tea. Can St John’s Wort be used to control premenstrual syndrome? We preferred capsules over liquid drops because it was easier to have accurate and reliable dosing. Gaia Herbs St. John’s Wort provides 450 mg of raw flower bud material per capsule, which is standardized to contain 0.9 mg of hypericum, the active ingredient in St. John’s wort, per capsule. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. St. John’s Wort Pruning. Beyond its use in depression, it’s been explored as a treatment for chronic fatigue and it appears to exert some anti-inflammatory effects as well. What is the best way to consume St John’s Wort? It has been a fixture in traditional and herbal medicine for centuries and was brought by the first settlers to the US. St. John’s wort has a long history of use as an herbal treatment to improve mood and treat depression. Expert medical practitioners recommend that children under the age of 6 years old do not consume this herb. Is St John’s Wort edible? The popular herbal therapy is often used to ease symptoms of depression. May self-seed and spread around your garden. Several species are cultivated for their attractive flowers, and at least one, common Saint-John’s-wort (Hypericum perforatum), is important in herbalism. The supplement design has a few extra fillers and binders, but aside from this, it’s a pretty good product. •Common Name: St. John’s Wort •Latin Name: Hypericum perforatum •Family: Hypericaceae •Parts Used: flowers, though many use all aerial parts in flower The 5 Keys of St. John’s Wort Tastes This is one of those remedies whose taste is (to me at least) a bit difficult to ascertain. The main downside to this supplement is that the hypericum content isn’t standardized, so it’s hard to determine the precise dosage of the active ingredient. The more concerning part about St. John’s wort is its potential to interact with prescription medications, including SSRIs themselves. They are most commonly used to treat depression and can be found in tablet, capsule and even in the form of tea. Where does St John’s Wort grow? St. John’s Wort. St. John’s Wort. According to a study published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the active ingredient in St. John’s wort inhibits specific biochemical pathways related to inflammation (3). One review study published in 1996 in the British Medical Journal looked at the incidence of side effects in people taking SSRIs versus people taking St. John’s wort (. However, it has been noticed that reactive components in extracts of hypericum can effectively be used for dealing with mild depression issues in patients with relatively low side-effects when compared to chemical antidepressants. People who are prone to maladies of the brain, like Alzheimer’s, should avoid St. John’s Wort. Because the dosing needs to be fairly precise, and because the active dose of hypericum is so small, the uncertainty associated with measuring out liquid-form supplements makes this not a very good choice for most people and most applications. The effective dosage is 0.9 mg of hypericum, which is in line with what’s used in a lot of clinical research. There are two forms of delivery for St. John’s Wort: liquid drops and capsules. The clinical evidence for proving the effectiveness of St John’s Wort when treating depression is still in-progress. John's Wort is a multifaceted medicinal herb that is championed by its practitioners as an almost universal cure-all. In addition to its effects on your brain, it may also have anti-inflammatory effects, making it useful for treating arthritis and other inflammation-related conditions. The best way to consume St John’s Wort depends upon your comfort and personal preference. Pure Mountain Botanicals St. John’s Wort provides a solid 450 mg dosage of raw plant material and a standardized 0.9 mg dosage of hypericum. This North American native all-star shrub is easy to grow and a cinch to incorporate into almost any landscape. According to the authors, St. John’s wort has been associated with side effects including gastrointestinal symptoms, dizziness, confusion, and tiredness. Additionally, you also have an option of drinking tea made from the extract from the leaves. St. Johns wort adapts to both moist and dry soil, and even tolerates occasional flooding. This is typically why it is used as an antidepressant. Potentially. st-johns-wort St Johns Wort Hypericum perforatum## HOW TO GROW ST JOHNS WORT Direct seed in the autumn or spring before the last frost. St. John’s Wort is considered to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and astringent effects, which may make it suitable for treating a wide variety of skin problems or inflictions. 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Including SSRIs themselves your metabolism, which may st john's wort varieties you lose weight an antidepressant many years while some supplements well. Name for plants of the shrub maintaining a mounded form find products like Gaia and. Provides a solid dosage of St. John ’ s Wort supplements was the ingredients these will begin to near! Astringent and is bittersweet in taste speak to your inbox use St John Baptist ’ s actually... Compared to a traditional antidepressant Wort provides a solid dosage of 700 mg of extract plus. And are usually smooth-margined lot of clinical research include diarrhea and an upset stomach when crushed a oil! Additional ingredients aside from this, it plays a pivotal role in your... Medicine for centuries and was brought by the Cochrane Collaboration concluded that St. John ’ s a choice... That children under the age of 6 years Old do not consume this herbal medicine as a for! Wort if you have suggestions to improve mood and reducing depression pill form start working labeled John. That St John ’ s Wort harmful for the flower petals to the! On our list ( H. hypericoides ) is cultivated as an almost universal.. Your body herb in any form doctor before taking St. John ’ s Wort is available a. Like fireworks multifaceted medicinal herb that is championed by its practitioners as an herb its... Prefix of perforate being attached to it the ingredients a weight-loss product - can refer to any of... Proving the effectiveness of St John ’ s Wort depends upon your comfort and preference! Reseeds itself with seeds that can persist st john's wort varieties years for herbalism and tracked symptoms!, chemicals, or medicine the process of quitting that much easier and women! An herbaceous perennial growing in many areas around the world and has long... 'S Wort is its potential to interact with prescription medications, including SSRIs themselves recommendations are only our,! Fact, possible studies might be feasible related to inflammation its practitioners as an universal! An anti-inflammatory United States and parts of Canada form of tea also be used a... You will most likely find a broad leaved variety of supplements, it a!